Sterilisation

Female Sterilisation

What it is?
Also known as tubal ligation. This procedure involves blocking or cutting of the fallopian tubes and can be performed under a local or general anaesthetic with a 2-3 days recovery period.

How it works
The sperm cannot travel up the blocked or cut fallopian tubes to fertilise an egg. It also prevents an egg from reaching the uterus.

Advantages

  • Immediately effective
  • Permanent method of contraception
  • Does not affect sexual spontaneity
  • Does not affect hormone levels or periods
  • Does not affect your sex drive
  • Does not require daily attention

Disadvantages

  • Does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • In rare cases fallopian tubes can rejoin
  • May not be reversible
  • Possible regret
  • Possible complications may occur during surgery

How effective is it?
Over 99% effective.

Male Sterilisation (Vasectomy)

What it is?
A minor operation to block or cut the vas deferens (narrow tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra). This procedure can be performed under a local or general anaesthetic.

How it works
This procedure will prevent the sperm from mixing with semen during ejaculation. An egg is unable to be fertilised without sperm, therefore, preventing pregnancy.
Sperm is still produced but instead of being released, the body absorbs it.

Advantages

  • Permanent method of contraception
  • Does not affect sexual spontaneity
  • Does not affect pleasure

Disadvantages

  • Does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Delayed effectiveness- you need to use another method of contraception for at least two months following the procedure
  • In a small number of men the tubes may rejoin
  • May not be reversible
  • Possible regret
  • Possible complications may occur during surgery

How effective is it?
Over 99% effective, around 1 in 2000.